Mycoplasma Pneumonia: Late Treatment Leading to Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Renal Failure

  • A. Graham Cummiskey Connolly Hospital, Blanchardstown, Dublin, Ireland
  • Michael Reardon Wexford General Hospital, Wexford, Ireland

Keywords

Mycoplasma pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome

Abstract

Introduction: Mycoplasma pneumonia is one of the most common types of pneumonia, although it is often not diagnosed due to mild clinical course.
Aims: In this case study we aim to describe the importance of considering mycoplasma pneumonia in high-risk groups.
Methods: We present the case of a 27-year-old woman admitted with pneumonia, progressing to acute respiratory distress syndrome and acute kidney injury. She had a prolonged stay in the ICU, requiring intubation and continuous veno-venous haemofiltration (CVVH). After 1 month in hospital, she was discharged with full recovery.
Discussion: Mycoplasma pneumonia is a common type of pneumonia in the community, but only a small percentage of patients require hospitalization. Delayed treatment can result in multi-organ failure, which requires intensive care and long hospital stays.

References

  • Lim WS, Baudouin S, Geroge RC, Hill AT, Jamieson C, Le Jeune I, et al. Guidelines for the management of community acquired pneumonia in adults. British Thoracic Society Reports 2009, 1(3).

  • Miyashita N, Obase Y, Ouchi K, Kawasaki K, Kobashi Y, Oka M. Clinical features of severe Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in adults admitted to an intensive care unit. J Med Microbiol 2007;56:1625–1629.

  • Cilloniz C, Schultz M, van der Eerden M. Community-acquired pneumonia. European Respiratory Society, 2017. Available from: https://erj.ersjournals.com/content/50/3/1700582.long

  • Lode HM. Managing community-acquired pneumonia: a European perspective. Respir Med 2007;101:1864–1873.

  • Mandell LA, Wunderink RG, Anzueto A, et al. Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society consensus guidelines on the management of community-acquired pneumonia in adults. Clin Infect Dis 2007;44(Suppl 2):S27–S72.
  • Published: 2019-02-13

    Issue: Vol 6 No 2 (view)

    Section: Articles

    How to cite:
    Cummiskey, A. G., & Reardon, M. (2019). Mycoplasma Pneumonia: Late Treatment Leading to Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Renal Failure. European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine, 6(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.12890/2019_001003