A New Case of Schindler Disease
KeywordsAngiokeratoma corporis diffusum, Kanzaki disease, peripheral neuropathy, alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase
Lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) are a group of genetic disorders caused by mutations in genes encoding enzymes involved in lysosomal function. Schindler disease is an autosomal recessive, inherited LSD caused by defective or non-existent activity of the enzyme α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase (α-NAGA). To date, three main phenotypes of Schindler disease have been described. We report the case of a 68-year-old man presenting with axonal and demyelinating polyneuropathy, sensorineural hearing loss, chronic lymphoedema, angiokeratoma corporis diffusum and bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome. Genetic testing (PCR) for α-galactosidase revealed the c.577G>T (p.Glu193*) mutation in the NAGA gene, confirming Schindler disease, which is clinically compatible with Kanzaki disease and Schindler disease type II.
Issue: Vol 6 No 11 (view)