Reversible Neurological Adverse Reaction to Apixaban
KeywordsApixaban, neurological symptoms, adverse drug reaction
Prescriptions for the novel oral anticoagulant factor Xa inhibitors (rivaroxaban, apixaban, edoxaban) have equalled or exceeded those for vitamin K antagonists in many clinical settings requiring chronic anticoagulation, and those of injectable heparins for deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis. The authors report the case of an 80-year-old woman followed by her cardiologist for permanent atrial fibrillation who was prescribed apixaban. Within a few days the patient developed neurological symptoms of imbalance and non-vertiginous dizziness, headache, confusion/disorientation and asthenia. Her symptoms began to resolve after the drug was stopped, with return to baseline function within 72 h. The plasma concentration of apixaban was 4 times higher than the laboratory upper limit of normal. Symptoms did not recur when the patient was switched to rivaroxaban therapy.
Issue: 2021: Vol 8 No 4 (view)