Reversible 'unstable' abdominal angina caused by ruptured plaque of the superior mesenteric artery: clinical and radiological correlations
KeywordsMesenteric ischemia, abdominal angina, atherosclerosis, unstable angina, superior mesenteric artery, atheromatous plaque
Unstable angina, characteristic of coronary artery disease, is caused by in-situ clot formation complicating ruptured atheromatous plaque. Abdominal angina, however, usually reflects chronic mesenteric ischaemia, caused by multi-vessel stable plaques involving mesenteric arteries. Herein, we describe a patient with new-onset abdominal pain caused by a ruptured atheromatous plaque at the superior mesenteric root. The diagnosis was based on an evident reversible epigastric bruit and high-degree eccentric stenosis caused by a non-calcified atheroma. Symptoms and bruit resolved within 3 weeks on aspirin and statins with regression of the stenotic lesion. Although the condition is likely common, this is the first clear-cut report compatible with 'unstable' abdominal angina, resolved by conservative treatment.
Issue: 2023: Vol 10 No 4 (view)