A young female with a hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma
  • Natalija Jevdokimova
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pauls Stradins Clinical University Hospital, Riga, Latvia; University of Latvia, Faculty of Medicine, Riga, Latvia
  • Denis Jevdokimov
    University of Latvia, Faculty of Medicine, Riga, Latvia; Centre of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Pauls Stradins Clinical University Hospital, Riga, Latvia
  • Jelena Ivanova
    Centre of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Pauls Stradins Clinical University Hospital, Riga, Latvia
  • Sergejs Isajevs
    University of Latvia, Faculty of Medicine, Riga, Latvia
  • Aiga Staka
    University of Latvia, Faculty of Medicine, Riga, Latvia; Centre of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Pauls Stradins Clinical University Hospital, Riga, Latvia
  • Aldis Pukitis
    University of Latvia, Faculty of Medicine, Riga, Latvia; Centre of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Pauls Stradins Clinical University Hospital, Riga, Latvia

Keywords

Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, liver biopsy, vascular tumour

Abstract

Background: Primary hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE) is an extremely rare tumour of vascular origin with an incidence of <0.1 cases per 100,000 people worldwide.
Case description: A 29-year-old female with the history of epigastric pain and unintentional weight loss (3 kg over six months) was referred for upper endoscopy. The examination was without visual pathological findings, but a rapid urease test was positive. First-line treatment with clarithromycin-containing triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection was given. After completion of eradication therapy, diffuse abdominal pain developed. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed multiple liver nodules. Three consecutive core liver biopsies were performed and were inconclusive. A subsequent surgical liver nodule resection was performed. Histopathology of the specimen revealed grade 2 hepatocellular carcinoma; bone scintigraphy was negative for metastasis. A multidisciplinary team (MDT) recommended giving the patient sorafenib, which was poorly tolerated. The histology was reviewed using immunohistochemistry staining at the request of the oncologist, which showed expression of CD31 and CD34. Based on clinical, morphological and immunohistochemistry findings, a diagnosis of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma was made. Based on the multidisciplinary team's findings, liver transplantation was indicated as the only curative treatment.
Conclusion: Because of the rarity of this disease, combining clinical, radiological and histopathological methods as well as an MDT approach can help to reach the correct final diagnosis. As demonstrated in this clinical case, it is crucial to perform immunohistochemistry of a liver biopsy to confirm a HEHE diagnosis.

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    Published: 2024-05-31
    Issue: 2024: Vol 11 No 7 (view)


    How to cite:
    1.
    Jevdokimova N, Jevdokimov D, Ivanova J, Isajevs S, Staka A, Pukitis A. A young female with a hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma. EJCRIM 2024;11 doi:10.12890/2024_004529.