Neurosyphilis Presenting with Papillitis
Syphilis is one of the oldest described infectious diseases in the world and is caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum. Although now a rare disease, incidence is increasing with the number of diagnoses of the disease rising in England from 1688 to 2713 between 2003 and 2012 (a 61% increase). Major outbreaks of syphilis have been documented in London, Manchester, Dublin, and Brighton particularly among men who have sex with men (MSM). Diagnosis remains difficult on account of multi-system symptoms, duration of the condition, and social stigma.
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