Mauriac Syndrome: A Rare Complication of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

  • Maria João Rodrigues Ferreira Pinto Department of Internal Medicine, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, E.P.E., Porto, Portugal
  • Nuno Melo Department of Internal Medicine, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, E.P.E., Porto, Portugal
  • Luís Flores Department of Internal Medicine, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, E.P.E., Porto, Portugal
  • Francisco Cunha Department of Internal Medicine, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, E.P.E., Porto, Portugal

Keywords

Mauriac syndrome, hepatic glycogenosis, chronic liver disease, type 1 diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Mauriac syndrome, first described in 1930, is typically diagnosed in young patients with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus and growth retardation, delayed puberty, Cushingoid features, hypercholesterolaemia and hepatomegaly. However, the sole presenting feature of Mauriac syndrome can be hepatic glycogenosis in both adults and children. The mainstay of treatment for hepatic glycogenosis is strict control of glucose levels, with an excellent prognosis with improved glycaemic control. The authors present the case of a 22-year-old female patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus and a history of poor glycaemic control who was admitted with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). She complained of episodes of right upper quadrant abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting for the last 2 months with worsening in the last 48 hours. Physical examination was remarkable for short stature and tenderness over the hepatic area with a mildly enlarged liver. The patient had elevated liver enzymes and persistent hyperlactacidaemia despite DKA resolution. Liver imaging suggested diffuse fat infiltration. The clinical suspicion of hepatic glycogenosis was confirmed by liver biopsy. After glycaemic control was improved, liver enzymes normalized and the episodes of abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting subsided.

References

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  • Published: 2018-12-06

    Issue: LATEST ONLINE (view)

    Section: Articles

    How to cite:
    Pinto, M. J., Melo, N., Flores, L., & Cunha, F. (2018). Mauriac Syndrome: A Rare Complication of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine, 2. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.12890/2018_000969