Refractory Peritonitis and Small Bowel Ileus: A Case of Encapsulating Peritoneal Sclerosis Secondary to Mycobacterium abscessus Peritonitis
  • Soroush Rouhani
    Department of Medicine, London Health Sciences Centre, Schulich School of Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
  • Nikesh Adunuri
    Department of General Internal Medicine, Windsor Regional Hospital, Schulich School of Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada

Keywords

Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis, peritoneal dialysis, peritonitis, non-tuberculous mycobacteria, Mycobacterium abscessus

Abstract

Introduction: Complications of peritoneal dialysis (PD) such as exit-site infections and PD peritonitis are common reasons for admission to General Internal Medicine wards. Culprit organisms range from typical skin flora to rarer complicated atypical organisms such as non-tuberculous mycobacteria. Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rarer complication of PD characterized by peritoneal inflammation, ileus and fibrosis with high morbidity, few management options, and poor prognosis.

Case Description: We report the case of a patient with a history of end-stage renal disease on peritoneal dialysis who presented with undifferentiated peritonitis and ileus refractory to standard antimicrobial therapy. Subsequent ascitic cultures were positive for Mycobacterium abscessus, and CT imaging was consistent with EPS. To date, EPS secondary to M. abscessus peritonitis has not previously been described.

Discussion and Conclusion: This report describes the diagnostic process and treatment offered to this patient and his treatment outcomes over 8 months. It highlights the importance of prompt identification of patients at risk, timely eradication of high-risk pathogens, and transition to haemodialysis to limit morbidity and improve patient prognosis.

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    Published: 2022-03-07
    Issue: 2022: Vol 9 No 3 (view)


    How to cite:
    1.
    Rouhani S, Adunuri N. Refractory Peritonitis and Small Bowel Ileus: A Case of Encapsulating Peritoneal Sclerosis Secondary to Mycobacterium abscessus Peritonitis. EJCRIM 2022;9 doi:10.12890/2022_003173.