• Carlos Fernando Dias Rodrigues, Gisela Ferreira, Eduardo Oliveira, Marta S. Oliveira, Sara Pinto, João Fonseca

    Mesenteric cysts are a rare nosologic entity, the diagnosis of which is complex due to their nonspecific presentation. They may emerge from any part of the mesentery and grow to any size, thus conditioning a wide range of clinical manifestations that renders them easily mistaken for different gastrointestinal pathologies. Diagnosis encompasses a mixture of clinical suspicion, imaging techniques and sometimes surgery, and curative treatment is based on complete surgical resection of the cyst. We hereby present a case of a mesenteric cyst that developed on the anterior abdominal wall of a 59-year-old man awaiting allogeneic bone marrow transplantation after being diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukaemia. He was admitted to the emergency room with complaints of an increased abdominal perimeter and increased weight, not associated with alterations to his dietary or physical exercise habits. Suspecting ascites in the context of leukaemic progression, the patient was admitted to the medical ward; however, subsequent study identified a mesenteric cyst as the most probable diagnosis and the patient was proposed to undergo surgery. He underwent laparotomic cyst excision without complications and the histological evaluation of the surgical specimen confirmed the diagnosis.

  • Rosa Alves, Sofia Alegria, Henrique Vara Luiz, Tiago Judas

    Pericardial effusion has a broad spectrum of clinical presentation, ranging from an incidental finding on imaging to a potentially fatal emergency such as pericardial tamponade, the most severe presentation. The authors present a case of a middle-aged male hospitalized due to shortness of breath. Initial work-up was positive for massive pericardial effusion with haemodynamic compromise. Additional study revealed panhypopituitarism. The acromegalic phenotype was suggestive of acromegaly secondary to pituitary adenoma, which had probably evolved to apoplexy. Hormone replacement was started with clinical improvement. At the 3-year follow-up, there was no evidence of recurrence of pericardial effusion. Panhypopituitarism is a relatively rare entity, but can lead to life-threatening complications such as adrenal crisis, coma and myxoedema-associated cardiac failure. Pericardial effusion is an extremely rare manifestation of secondary hypothyroidism.

  • Inês Carrilho Oliveira, Joana Carvalho, Luisa Oliveira

    Chiari I malformation and atlanto-occipital assimilation are both fairly uncommon conditions. Symptoms usually present during adolescence or adulthood, typically consisting of headache or neck pain. Cough-associated syncope is an unusual presenting symptom. The diagnosis of this condition in a pulmonology department is even rarer.
    We report the case of a 62-year-old male referred to our pulmonology department due to complaints of cough-associated syncope. After several examinations, a pharyngeal CT scan incidentally showed low positioning of the cerebellar tonsils. Cerebral MRI confirmed the diagnosis of Chiari I malformation and atlanto-occipital assimilation and the patient was effectively treated with surgical decompression.

  • Jonan Chun Yin Lee, Jeanie Betsy Chiang, Boris Chun Kei Chow

    Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is an extremely rare congenital cyanotic heart disease characterized by complete disruption between the ascending and descending aorta. A patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) or other collateral pathways provide blood flow to the distal descending aorta. Mortality is extremely high at early infancy, particularly after the closure of ductus arteriosus. Survival and presentation in adulthood are extremely rare. Here we illustrate a rare case of type B interrupted aortic arch in an adult who presented with secondary polycythaemia. The blood supply to descending aorta and beyond is almost solely by a patent ductus arteriosus. The case demonstrates the value of multimodality imaging including CT and MRI for diagnosis and treatment planning in these patients.

  • Filipa Cabral Amado, Carlos Noversa, Andreia Moura, Luís Carvalho, Leila Cardoso

    Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare but potentially fatal infection involving the subcutaneous tissue and fascia with the development of necrosis of these structures. Acute compartment syndrome occurs when increased pressure within a closed muscle compartment compromises the circulation and function of the tissues within that space. We report the case of a male patient who was admitted to the intensive care unit for the management of urosepsis due to an acute obstructive pyelonephritis complicated by cardiopulmonary arrest. A radial arterial catheter in the left arm was urgently inserted, under suboptimal aseptic technique. His clinical condition progressively deteriorated, and swelling of the left arm with extension to the forearm with incipient signs of compromised perfusion were observed. The diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis with acute compartment syndrome was made and an emergency fasciectomy performed. Following this, the patient gradually improved, organ dysfunction resolved, and he was discharged without sequelae.

  • Sofia Dinis Ferreira, Cláudia Lemos, Mónica Caldeira, Miguel Homem da Costa, Maria Luz Brazão, Fernando Aveiro

    Isolated congenital asplenia is a rare condition that mostly manifests in the early years, usually due to fatal systemic infections. In this paper, however, we present a case of a 36-year-old asymptomatic patient who was referred for suspected hyposplenism, with no history of splenectomy. There were no significant changes on physical examination. Blood analysis revealed leukocytosis and thrombocytosis as well as moderate anisopoikilocytosis and red blood cells with Howell–Jolly bodies. No spleen or other malformations were identified on imaging. Individuals with isolated congenital asplenia have an increased susceptibility to invasive infections and sepsis, with rapid clinical decline and a high mortality rate despite treatment.

  • Guiomar Pinheiro, Ana Rita Costa, Ana Campar, Teresa Mendonça

    Fasciitis with eosinophilia (FE) is a rare connective tissue disease. Due to its rarity, large-scale studies are lacking, which makes its treatment challenging. Systemic corticosteroids (SCSs) are the cornerstone of treatment; however, additional immunosuppressive drugs (ISDs) are frequently necessary (usually methotrexate). We report 2 patients, for whom an SCS and methotrexate were not a viable long-term option. In the first case, we were unable to taper the SCS dose without symptom relapse, the patient showed only a partial response to methotrexate and presented side effects. The second case never fully responded to the SCS and methotrexate and demonstrated serious SCS adverse effects. Both patients were started on tocilizumab with extremely favourable results, making this drug a potential therapeutic weapon for these patients.

  • Francisco-Javier Mena-Martín, Maria Gonzalez-Fernandez, Marina Cazorla-Gonzalez, Juan Carlos Martin-Escudero

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) rarely presents with hyponatraemia caused by syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). We present a patient with hyponatraemia of multifactorial aetiology, in whom, after withdrawal of the drugs that contributed to this ionic alteration, SIADH secondary to ALS was confirmed. After initiating treatment with urea, sodium levels were normalized.

  • Elia Rigamonti, Francesca Bedussi, Jerome Blanc, Pietro Gianella, Gianluca Vanini

    We present a case of an 85-year-old woman diagnosed with uncomplicated pyelonephritis, who was treated with intravenous ceftriaxone. Her chronic medications were phenprocoumon, diltiazem and bisoprolol. During the infectious phase, the patient presented tachycardia – despite high-dose beta-blocker treatment – and developed left acute heart failure, with acute renal failure (pre-renal origin). After introduction of furosemide diuretic therapy, clinical conditions improved and better control of the volemic status and heart rate was achieved. Several days after ceftriaxone and digoxin therapy initiation, worsening multiple non-blanching palpable purpuric lesions with bullae and papules, limited to the lower extremities, were noted. Skin biopsy was performed and a diagnosis of leucocytoclastic vasculitis, with associated panniculitis, was made. Ceftriaxone was discontinued and systemic corticosteroids were introduced, with a clear improvement in the cutaneous condition.

  • Zafar Ali, Talal Asif, Justin Sheehy, Dany Jacob, Paramdeep S Baweja

    A ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm as a cause of aorto–atrial fistula is very rare. We present the case of a 53-year-old female who presented with symptoms of acute heart failure and suspicion of an aorto–atrial fistula found on a transthoracic echocardiogram, which was confirmed on transesophageal echocardiography. A coronary angiogram showed normal coronary arteries but confirmed the right aorto–atrial fistula on aortogram. She underwent successful surgical repair of the fistula. Her postoperative echocardiogram showed a normal right atrium and right ventricle with no shunt. A ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is a devastating event and presents as acute heart failure. Prompt diagnosis and surgical repair is necessary to prevent mortality.

  • Hassene Attout, Andry Randriajohany, Françoise Josse, Vincent Appavoupoule, Yoga Thirapathi

    Chronic ingestion of liquorice induces a syndrome with findings similar to those for primary hyperaldosteronism. This is characterized by hypokalaemia, hypertension, metabolic alkalosis and suppression of the renin-aldosterone system.
    We describe a 30-year-old woman who, with a plasma potassium level of 1.5 mmol/l, presented with tetraparesis and severe rhabdomyolysis (CK up to 35,460 U/l). She admitted to a daily consumption of nearly 300 g of liquorice sweets during the previous 6 months. This case emphasizes the importance of a detailed anamnesis, which is essential for diagnosis, avoids unnecessary and expensive investigations and reduces the duration of hospitalization.

  • Sonia Canadas, Rita Fernandes, Mónica Santos, Ana Vera-Cruz, Ana Teresa Moreira

    Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a rare, benign and usually self-limiting disorder that more often affects young women, which is characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy and fever. Clinical presentation may be indistinguishable from other diseases, and its inclusion in the differential diagnosis of lymphoproliferative, infective and autoimmune diseases is essential. An association with systemic lupus erythematosus is acknowledged. We present 2 different cases of 2 young women with KFD; the first case highlights the classic diagnostic features of this rare entity, and the second, the findings when KFD occurs in association with systemic lupus erythematosus.

  • Rafael Ferreira Nascimento, Carolina Morna, Mariana Bilreiro, Ines Correia

    We describe a rare presentation of acute pyelonephritis associated with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. A 68-year-old female presented to the emergency department with a 3 day history of cystitis. General examination revealed the acute onset of pain in the left flank accompanied by fever and chills. Blood tests revealed leucocytosis 25,400x109L and C-reactive protein 495 mg/L (<6.1), while urinary sediment analysis revealed many leucocytes and gram-negative bacteria. The patient was admitted with acute pyelonephritis. On the third day of admission, the urine culture isolated Escherichia coli sensitive to the antibiotic prescribed; however, the patient clinically deteriorated. A computed tomography scan revealed a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm involving the left renal artery. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy but uncontrollable haemorrhage led to a fatal outcome.
    This case highlights a rare case of acute pyelonephritis associated with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. A computed tomography scan or abdominal ultrasound should be considered whenever a patient has acute pyelonephritis with a C-reactive protein >400 mg/L in order to exclude complications and other potentially fatal pathologies.

  • Neeraja Swaminathan, Siddique Chaudhary

    Oesophageal varices are a dilated submucosal venous plexus in the lower third of the oesophagus which result from increased pressure in the portal venous system. The portal system is connected to the systemic circulation in specific locations referred to as sites of portosystemic anastomosis. An increase in portal venous pressure is therefore reflected at these anastomotic sites, causing manifestations such as oesophageal varices, rectal varices, caput medusae and splenorenal shunts. Varices do not cause symptoms until they leak or rupture and this is the main complication which requires prompt treatment. Here, we present a post-liver transplant patient with metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma who had oesophageal varices that fistularized with a left pulmonary vein, thus creating a right-to-left shunt. Right-to-left shunts are usually intracardiac or intrapulmonary in location. The complications of a right-to-left shunt include predominantly hypoxia, cyanosis and, sometimes, paradoxical emboli in the case of intracardiac shunts. This patient had a very uncommon cause of such a shunt caused by a direct fistulous connection.

  • Ana Vera-Cruz, Marta Cerol, Maria Margarida Pereira, Sónia Canadas, Juliana Mortágua, Ion Gherbovetchi, José Pedro Andrade

    Intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is the established treatment for acute ischemic stroke and has been highly effective in reducing the neurological deficit. Serious adverse events are not uncommon, with hemorrhage being the major complication. We describe the case of a patient with acute ischemic stroke that also presented with vague cardiac symptoms and was treated with rtPA, which was complicated by a hemopericardium causing cardiac tamponade. Pericardiocentesis was promptly performed, which resulted in rapid resolution of the cardiogenic shock. The patient recovered consciousness within a few minutes. A search of the MEDLINE database shows that this is the first report of cardiac tamponade after rtPA thrombolysis occurring in a patient with no history of recent myocardial infarction or aortic dissection.

  • Rossana Orabona, Cristina Zanardini, Andrea Lojacono, Sonia Zatti, Carlo Cappelli, Guido AM Tiberio, Vincenzo Villanacci, Enrico Sartori

    Postpartum hypoglycemia in non-diabetic women is a rare condition. We report the case of a 34-year-old woman who experienced neuroglycopenia 2 days after delivery. Corresponding to severe hypoglycemia, we found inappropriately elevated insulin and C-peptide levels. Following magnetic resonance imaging a lesion of 10x8 mm was detected in the head of the pancreas. An ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of the mass confirmed the diagnostic suspicion of a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor. Complete surgical enucleation of the insulinoma resulted in immediate and permanent resolution of the hypoglycemia. The postoperative course was uneventful. Histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses were consistent with insulinoma. The diagnostic approach to postpartum hypoglycemia represents a challenge for multidisciplinary teamwork.

  • Rosa Alves, Bruno Sousa, Francisco d'Orey, Pedro Sequeira, Ana Oliveira, Tiago Judas

    Sarcoidosis is a chronic multisystemic inflammatory disease of unknown aetiology. Virtually any organ or system can be involved, resulting in a wide range of clinical presentation. Pleural sarcoidosis is rare. Pleural effusion can only be attributed to pleural sarcoidosis in the presence of pleural non-caseating epithelioid granulomas and after excluding other granulomatous diseases. Anthracosis is a pneumoconiosis associated with thoracic adenopathies and bronchial disease, and it is usually asymptomatic. The authors present a case of a middle-aged man hospitalized due to cough, right-sided pleuritic chest pain and trepopnoea.

  • Sherif Monib, Mohamed Elkorety

    Lactating adenomas are benign breast tumours which normally present in the peripartum period. Aetiology, pathogenesis, best diagnostic modality and management are not yet clear in the literature. We present a case of a 32-year-old pregnant patient who was re-referred to us with a progressively increasing left breast lesion, pre-existing prior to pregnancy, which was found to be a huge lactating adenoma.

  • Sarah Micallef, Kelvin Cortis, Claude Magri

    Liver metastases from neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) are usually seen on cross-sectional imaging at presentation. In such cases, curative surgical resection is usually not possible given that most patients have bilobar disease. Various locoregional approaches are now widely available that enable local control of disease and management of systemic symptoms. These include trans-arterial embolization (TAE), trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE), selective internal radiotherapy and thermal ablation.
    We describe a rare case of hepatic necrosis after TAE in a 61-year-old woman with a metastatic NET. Cross-sectional imaging showed extensive necrosis affecting segments VII and VIII of the liver. This occurred secondary to thrombosis in the portal vein branches to these segments, confirmed on a Doppler ultrasound scan. The mechanism of portal vein thrombosis after TAE could be due to the presence of occult arterioportal anastomoses. These allow transit of the embolizing agents into the portal vein branches supplying the treated segments and subsequent thrombosis.

  • João Pedro Abreu, Joana Esteves, Maria Teresa Boncoraglio, Francisca M Pereira, Carla Costa, Carlos Oliveira

    Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is understood to be a delayed allergic reaction to the repeated exposure of a usually innocent inhaled agent, causing inflammatory damage to the pulmonary parenchyma, alveoli and terminal bronchioles. With ongoing exposure, it can cause respiratory compromise and pulmonary fibrosis. Recognizing the heterogeneity of the causative agents and the low incidence of the disease, we considered it important to report the case of a greenhouse worker who developed aCladosporium sp. related hot-tub lung hypersensitivity pneumonitis. We believe it to be the first reported case of a greenhouse occupational hypersensitivity pneumonitis due to Cladosporium sp.

  • Ana Lima Silva, Daniela Antunes, Joana Cordeiro Cunha, Renato Nogueira, Diana Fernandes, Tatiana Salazar, Carla Madureira Pinto

    Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMA syndrome) or Wilkie’s syndrome is a rare etiology of duodenal obstruction due to compression of the third portion of the duodenum between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta. Physical and laboratory findings are often non-specific but imaging methods are useful for diagnosing the condition. A 46-year-old female patient presented to the outpatient clinic of our internal medicine department with a 2-year history of epigastric pain, nausea, early satiety and weight loss of 15 kg. Previous studies were inconclusive. The patient underwent computed tomography enterography and its findings were consistent with SMA syndrome. Currently the patient is being followed by General Surgery and Nutrition and is under nutritional measures in order to optimize her body mass index to decrease possible surgical complications.This case report emphasizes the importance of clinical suspicion and careful investigation when considering less common etiologies for frequent gastrointestinal symptoms.

  • Syed Haseeb Raza Naqvi, Ishfaq Ahmed, Pir Sheeraz Ali, Jehan Zab, Han Naung Tun

    Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is the most common variation of anomalous venous return to the heart and present in 0.1–0.5% of the general population. The left anterior cardinal veins typically obliterate during early cardiac development but failure of involution results in PLSVC. It is an asymptomatic congenital anomaly, usually discovered while performing interventions through the left subclavian vein or during cardiovascular imaging. PLSVC can be associated with cardiac arrhythmias and congenital heart disease. We present two cases of PLSVC: first, a 68-year-old male who presented with complete heart block, for which a temporary pacemaker was initially inserted followed by a permanent pacemaker; second, a 53-year-old female with a history of hypertension and ischemic cardiomyopathy with a left ventricular ejection fraction of 25%, and a survivor of sudden cardiac death, who underwent an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) for secondary prevention.
    Both cases of PLSVC were detected incidentally during the transvenous approach to the heart. PLSVC was suspected by the unusually left medial position of the lead, while cineflouroscopy showed the venous trajectory toward the coronary sinus and drainage into the right atrium. It is technically difficult to cross the wire through the tricuspid valve when coming from the PLSVC and coronary sinus without making a loop in the right atrium, which is known as a wide loop technique.
    PLSVC is an uncommon anomalous anatomical variant and should be recognized appropriately by specialists who frequently carry out procedures through the left subclavian vein, such as implantation of permanent pacemaker, ICD and cardiac resynchronization therapy. It should also be recognized that wide loop formation of the right ventricular lead in the right atrium is helpful to cross the tricuspid valve and to affix the lead in the right ventricle.

  • Gonçalo Miranda, Ana Catarina Dionísio, Constança Azevedo, Eduardo Carvalho, Miguel Semião, Vítor Branco, Miguel Castelo-Branco

    Emphysematous hepatitis is a rare entity characterized by the replacement of hepatic parenchyma by gas, leading to acute liver failure. Often it occurs in patients with diabetes mellitus, liver disease or a recent history of abdominal surgery. We present a case of emphysematous hepatitis in a 74-year-old man with no recognizable risk factors. Despite the early broad-spectrum antimicrobial therapy and supportive care, the condition progressed to a fatal outcome, as seen in other case reports. Early recognition of this condition and rapid and aggressive management may improve patient outcomes.

  • Henry Yung, Keshav Sharma, William Flowers, Malcolm Marquette, Laura Starace, Clare Sander, Rowan Burnstein, Jurgen Herre

    Plastic bronchitis is a rare condition characterised by endobronchial cast formation. We report the case of a 53-year-old women who deteriorated following an elective bronchoscopy procedure. She developed refractory ventilatory failure and required repeated bronchoscopy, which identified thick tenacious casts as the cause of her airway compromise. She did not respond to conventional therapies including endoscopic clearance, mucolytic therapy and nebulised tissue plasminogen activator (TPA). Total parenteral nutrition and a fat-free enteral diet were instituted while the patient was on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), which led to substantial improvement in her condition and demonstrated the importance of dietary strategies in this case.

  • Erika Poggiali, Pau Mateo Ramos, Davide Bastoni, Andrea Vercelli, Andrea Magnacavallo

    COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 19) is an infectious disease caused by coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Since its detection in China at the end of 2019, the novel coronavirus has rapidly spread throughout the world and has caused an international public health emergency. The most common manifestation is flu-like symptoms. Mild infections usually improve within a few days, but COVID-19 can cause severe pneumonia with acute respiratory distress syndrome and death. Gastrointestinal symptoms are less common but possible and more difficult to recognize as part of a COVID-19 syndrome. In line with the current opinion of the WHO, we strongly believe that preventive measures and early diagnosis of COVID-19 are crucial to interrupt virus spread and avoid local outbreaks. We report the cases of COVID-19 patients admitted to our Emergency Department who complained of gastrointestinal symptoms at admission.

  • Attout Hassene, Amichi Sofia, Josse Françoise, Appavoupoule Vincent, Randriajohany Andrey, Thirapathi Yogananda

    Cannabis is one of the most widely used illicit drugs in the world. Its use is associated with several short- and long-term side-effects such as changes in mood, impaired memory, impaired attention, depression and anxiety, and it is correlated with schizophrenia. Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is characterized by chronic cannabis use, cyclic intractable nausea and vomiting, and compulsive hot bathing. Patients are typically diagnosed with CHS only after multiple medical evaluations. Recent research has identified type 1 cannabinoid receptors in the intestinal nerve plexus that have an inhibitory effect on gastrointestinal motility. This effect may explain hyperemesis in cannabis users. The thermoregulatory role of endocannabinoids may be responsible for compulsive hot bathing. We describe the cases of two young men seeking repeated emergency room care with recurrent nausea and vomiting. Abstinence from cannabis led to resolution of vomiting symptoms and abdominal pain.

  • Noel Lorenzo Villalba, Abrar-Ahmad Zulfiqar, Yasmine Maouche, Zaida Cordoba Sosa, Maria Belen Alonso Ortiz, Emmanuel Andres

    We report the case of a 23-year-old woman evaluated for asthenia and lymphocytopenia. Clinical examination was unremarkable but laboratory tests showed the presence of CD4 lymphocytopenia. Secondary causes of CD4 lymphocytopenia were ruled out and a previous diagnosis of idiopathic CD4+ T-cell lymphocytopenia was retained. CD4 lymphocytopenia has persisted for 11 years now but the patient has been clinically asymptomatic.

  • Ana Rita Barradas, Francisco Albuquerque, Mariana Constante, Margarida Fonseca, Filipe Correia, João Lopes Delgado

    Syncope caused by carotid sinus syndrome due to head and neck cancer is rare. We report a case of recurrent syncope as a result of extreme bradycardia requiring pacemaker implantation. The patient began chemotherapy and radiation therapy to treat the underlying cause. When diagnosed early, a positive outcome is expected in these situations.

  • Débora Sousa, Pedro Raimundo

    Amoxicillin is a semi synthetic beta-lactam antibiotic that belongs to the penicillin family. It is the most prescribed antibiotic in the world. It has few side effects, even though hypersensitivity reactions may occur, with potential life-threatening effects. The authors present the case of a 63 years-old male admitted in the emergency department with a two-week history of fever and occipital headache. The symptoms began after he started antibiotic prophylaxis with amoxicillin for a dental procedure. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis was suggestive of aseptic meningitis and the patient improved quickly after discontinuation of the drug. The patient’s previous medical history highlighted a similar episode after he had started taking amoxicillin as part of a scheme for the treatment of a Helicobacter pylori infection. Aseptic meningitis is an extremely rare adverse reaction of amoxicillin, with only 16 cases reported in literature.

  • Sumeet Yadav, Michelle Talukder, Jacky Duong

    Hemiplegic migraine (HM) is a rare type of migraine which presents with motor and sensory impairment like a cerebrovascular accident (CVA). We present a case of a 36-year-old female, with a prior CVA treated with alteplase, who presented to the emergency department with stroke-like symptoms with a duration of 1 hour. The NIH Stroke Scale score was 22 at presentation. The patient received alteplase under the supervision of a neurologist after head CT confirmed no bleed. Further work-up revealed no acute or remote ischaemia or infarction. This case demonstrates the importance of a thorough history, intercommunication between health systems and integrated Electronic Medical Records (EMR) for early diagnosis and management of HM.

  • Niryinganji Révérien, Mountassir Shuruk, Siwane Abdellatif, Tabakh Houria, Touil Najwa, Kacimi Omar, Chikhaoui Nabil

    Emphysematous pancreatitis is a rare and fatal complication of acute necrotizing pancreatitis. We report a radioclinical observation of a 61-year-old female patient who consulted for epigastric pain radiating to the back, associated with vomiting and elevated lipasaemia more than 3 times the normal value. The abdominal computerized tomography (CT) scan carried out on the fourth day of hospitalization, based on worsening of the clinical condition, showed pancreatic necrosis associated with the presence of air bubbles. Percutaneous puncture of a peripancreatic collection was positive for Escherichia coli. A diagnosis of emphysematous pancreatitis was established. The clinical and biological evolution of our patient was favourable with antibiotic treatment.

  • Noel Lorenzo Villalba, Yasmine Maouche, Maria Belen Alonso Ortiz, Zaida Cordoba Sosa, Jean Baptiste Chahbazian, Aneska Syrovatkova, Pierre Pertoldi, Emmanuel Andres, Abrar-Ahmad Zulfiqar

    We describe two elderly patients evaluated at emergency departments for anosmia/dysgeusia in the absence of any other respiratory symptoms prior to or upon admission. In the current epidemiological context, clinical and biological work-up led to a diagnosis of COVID-19 infection. Unfortunately, one of the patients died during hospitalization, but the other recovered and was discharged.

  • Tadej Pedreski, Nejc Piko, Matevž Privšek, Tadej Zorman, Sebastjan Bevc

    Amiodarone is an antiarrhythmic drug, in use from the 1960s, which acts on potassium transport in myocytes, causing a lengthening of the action potential and refractory period. Even though it is broadly prescribed, its use is limited by a relatively high occurrence of adverse reactions such as lung, thyroid or hepatic disease, skin changes and so on. The authors report a case of a female patient who was admitted due to chest pain. Due to the bluish skin pigmentation, other causes of amiodarone toxicity were investigated, and hyperthyroidism was detected. After amiodarone discontinuation and specific therapy, thyroid function returned to normal.