Candida Cardiac Tamponade Secondary to Oesophageal-Pericardial Fistula: A Rare Presentation of Oesophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Monther Ghunaim
    Department of Gastroenterology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; Department of Internal Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
  • Ali Someili
    Department of Gastroenterology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; Department of Internal Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammad Mawardi
    Department of internal Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Candida is a rare cause of purulent pericarditis. Oesophago-pericardial fistula is an uncommon and potentially life-threatening complication of both benign and malignant oesophageal tumours. Here we report the case of 40-year-old woman who presented with symptoms and signs suggestive of acute pericarditis complicated by cardiac tamponade which required acute management with paracentesis. Pericardial fluid analysis was positive for Candida albicans. Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed and revealed a small fistula in the proximal oesophagus extending into the retrocardiac space. Multiple biopsy specimens of the fistula site and oesophageal stricture were obtained. Histopathological findings were consistent with poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus complicated by fistulation to the retrocardiac space.

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Published: 2022-03-08
Issue: 2022: Vol 9 No 3 (view)


How to cite:
1.
Ghunaim M, Someili A, Mawardi M. Candida Cardiac Tamponade Secondary to Oesophageal-Pericardial Fistula: A Rare Presentation of Oesophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma. EJCRIM 2022;9 doi:10.12890/2022_003200.

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