Successful treatment of intractable rectal varices with Gelfoam slurry embolisation and coiling
  • Justine Auxilia Irene Chinnappan
    Department of Internal Medicine, Michigan State University at Hurley Medical Center, Flint, MI, USA https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6643-2549
  • Murtaza Shabbir
    Department of Internal Medicine, Michigan State University at Hurley Medical Center, Flint, MI, USA
  • Smit Deliwala
    Division of Digestive Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
  • Anish Bansal
    Department of Interventional Radiology, Michigan State University at Hurley Medical Center, Flint, MI, USA

Keywords

Rectal varices, embolisation, varices coiling

Abstract

A 57-year-old male with heart failure and decompensated alcoholic liver cirrhosis presented with recurrent haematochesia due to rectal varices. After multiple failed therapy with endoscopic band ligation and surgical sclerotherapy, a discussion with an interventional radiologist was arranged. A transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) was deferred due to a history of heart failure. A shared decision to proceed with transhepatic Gelfoam® slurry embolisation with coiling was made. During the procedure, a variant anatomy of the superior rectal vein was identified. The superior rectal vein was found to drain directly into the left portal vein with no connectivity between the inferior mesenteric vein and the rectal varices. As planned, Gelfoam slurry embolisation and coiling was done to the left and right superior rectal vein along with the common trunk it drains. The patient did not develop any further episodes of gastrointestinal bleeding or worsening ascites on follow-up after 6 months. This case represents a successful treatment of bleeding rectal varices when TIPS is contraindicated.

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    Published: 2023-06-12
    Issue: 2023: Vol 10 No 7 (view)


    How to cite:
    1.
    Chinnappan JAI, Shabbir M, Deliwala S, Bansal A. Successful treatment of intractable rectal varices with Gelfoam slurry embolisation and coiling. EJCRIM 2023;10 doi:10.12890/2023_003930.

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