Fever, Cytocholestasis, Primary hepatic lymphoma, nodular lymphocyte-predominant HL
Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) is extremely rare, accounting for less than 1% of all lymphomas, and is limited to the liver without extrahepatic involvement. A 30-year-old male was admitted in the Emergency Department complaining of weakness, fever, night sweats, significant weight loss, discrete ring alopecia, hepatomegaly, right axillary adenopathy and oedema of both legs. Laboratory evaluation showed normocytic normochromic anaemia, thrombocytosis, hyperbilirubinemia, cholestasis and increased international normalised ratio (INR). A computed tomography (CT) scan found an enlarged liver with a heterogeneous structure and moderate ascites. After admission in our ward further investigation revealed increased sedimentation velocity, ferritin and serum lactate dehydrogenase. A hepatic biopsy was performed which confirmed the diagnosis as a nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL). The patient was transferred to a haematological ward and underwent chemotherapy with six cycles of R-CHOP. He is in complete remission after a year and half since the beginning of treatment. NLPHL, a very rare lymphoma, is more common in men between the third and fifth decades of life. Usually, the symptoms are very unspecific; a few patients have B symptoms at admission. This kind of presentation is also common in infectious, metabolic and autoimmune diseases, which were excluded in this case. Due to technical issues the final diagnosis was only possible due to the liver biopsy. Treatment with standard Hodgkin lymphoma protocols leads to complete remission in more that 95% of patients with NLPHL.
HTML downloads: 26
PDF downloads: 148
Issue: 2023: Vol 10 No 11 (view)