Bismuth subcitrate, metronidazole, tetracycline, drug-induced liver injury
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a liver condition caused by any drug or toxic substance. The spectrum of DILI manifestations can range from asymptomatic elevation of liver enzymes to acute liver failure. Antibiotics are one of the major causes of DILI. The authors report the case of a 37-year-old male with nausea, right hypochondrium pain and fever with history of bismuth subcitrate, metronidazole and tetracycline combination treatment in the previous five days. DILI was suspected and other aetiologies of acute hepatitis were excluded such as viral, autoimmune or even haemochromatosis and Wilson’s disease. Liver biopsy was performed, being compatible with the diagnosis of DILI; DILI is a diagnosis of exclusion. Bismuth subcitrate, metronidazole and tetracycline combination treatment is a rare cause of DILI.
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Issue: 2023: LATEST ONLINE (view)