Bilateral pleural effusion in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis managed by VATS pleurodesis
  • Jonny Jonny
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Gatot Soebroto Central Army Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Laurencia Violetta
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Gatot Soebroto Central Army Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia

Keywords

Pleural effusion, Pleuroperitoneal leak, Peritoneal dialysis, Pleurodesis, Surgical adhesive

Abstract

Pleuroperitoneal leak as a cause of pleural effusions in peritoneal dialysis is a rare but important complication to consider in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients presenting with recurrent progressive dyspnoea. Generally, these effusions are unilateral and right-sided, resulting in shortness of breath and reduced ultrafiltration volume, which are initially managed by peritoneal rest. We describe a case of bilateral pleural effusions in a 57-year-old female on chronic CAPD who developed recurrent progressive dyspnoea but maintained adequate dialysis output. A chest radiograph revealed bilateral pleural effusions with high glucose content, and scintigraphy confirmed the existence of a definite pleuroperitoneal communication. She was managed by temporary substitution to haemodialysis, followed by suturing of the shunt and successful video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) pleurodesis with an aldehyde-based surgical glue. Unexplained recurring dyspnoea in chronic CAPD should raise the suspicion of a possible pleuroperitoneal leak, even in patients without an apparent loss of ultrafiltration. Pleurodesis using an aldehyde-based adhesive was effective and tolerated well by our patient and may be considered in managing cases of recurrent pleural effusion.

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    Published: 2024-03-21
    Issue: 2024: Vol 11 No 4 (view)


    How to cite:
    1.
    Jonny J, Violetta L. Bilateral pleural effusion in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis managed by VATS pleurodesis. EJCRIM 2024;11 doi:10.12890/2024_004343.