Bartonella henselae related unilateral anterior uveitis and subsequent multifocal retinitis in a case under certolizumab treatment
  • Mustafa Kayabaşı
    Department of Ophthalmology, Mus State Hospital, Mus, Turkey
  • Işıl Kefeli
    Department of Ophthalmology, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
  • Pınar Çakar Özdal
    Department of Ophthalmology, Private Practice, Ankara, Turkey
  • Ali Osman Saatci
    Department of Ophthalmology, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey

Keywords

Bartonella henselae, cat scratch disease, ocular bartonellosis, retinitis, immunosuppression

Abstract

Introduction: A case of ocular bartonellosis under anti-tumour necrosis factor treatment is described.
Case description: A 29-year-old woman with psoriasis who had been on certolizumab treatment was examined with a left visual deterioration following a fever bout, malaise, and placoid erythematous rashes on her neck. As there was acute anterior uveitis in her left eye, it was recommended to stop certolizumab treatment for a possible infectious aetiology. However, her physician elected to continue the certolizumab treatment. Ten days later, the patient noticed further visual decline despite the topical steroid treatment. This time, there were scattered yellow-white small retinitis foci at the left posterior pole. Infectious agents were searched and while Bartonella henselae antibodies were negative for immunoglobulin M, the immunoglobulin G titre was 1/80. Clinical findings were improved with the systemic treatment of oral trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (160/800 mg twice daily for six weeks) and azithromycin (500 mg once daily for two weeks).
Discussion: Though extremely rare, ocular bartonellosis should be kept in mind in patients on anti-tumour necrosis factor treatment as rapid and accurate diagnosis may end up with an excellent visual outcome and full recovery.

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    Published: 2024-03-11
    Issue: 2024: Vol 11 No 4 (view)


    How to cite:
    1.
    Kayabaşı M, Kefeli I, Çakar Özdal P, Saatci AO. Bartonella henselae related unilateral anterior uveitis and subsequent multifocal retinitis in a case under certolizumab treatment. EJCRIM 2024;11 doi:10.12890/2024_004360.