Delayed Leukoencephalopathy: Three Case Reports and a Literature Review
  • Ángel Torralba-Morón
    Internal Medicine Department, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid
  • Juan Ortiz-Imedio
    Internal Medicine Department, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid
  • Montserrat Morales-Conejo
    Internal Medicine Department, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid
  • Juan Ruiz-Morales
    Neurology Department, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid
  • Juan-Manuel Guerra-Vales
    Internal Medicine Department, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid

Keywords

Delayed Leukoencephalopathy, Pale Globes, Methadone

Abstract

Background: Delayed leukoencephalopathy (DL) is a rare entity associated with cerebral hypoxia and heroin consumption. We describe the clinical course of three cases of DL due to non-heroin drug use.

Material and methods: We describe the cases of three DL patients admitted to our hospital in 2012.

Discussion: These cases contribute to the aetiological spectrum of DL since multifactorial causes could account for the clinical symptoms.

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References

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  • Cerase A, Leonini S, Bellini M, Chianese G, Venturi C. Methadone-induced toxic leukoencephalopathy: diagnosis and follow-up by magnetic resonance imaging including diffusion-weighted imaging and apparent diffusion coefficient maps. J Neuroimaging 2011;21:283–286.
  • Wolters EC, van Wijngaarden GK, Stam FC, Rengelink H, Lousberg RJ, Schipper ME et al. Leucoencephalopathy after inhaling heroin pyrolysate. Lancet 1982;2:1233–1237.
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    Published: 2017-03-27
    Issue: Vol. 4 No. 2 (view)


    How to cite:
    1.
    Torralba-Morón Ángel, Ortiz-Imedio J, Morales-Conejo M, Ruiz-Morales J, Guerra-Vales J-M. Delayed Leukoencephalopathy: Three Case Reports and a Literature Review. EJCRIM 2017;4 doi:10.12890/2016_000511.

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