A 32-Year-Old Woman with Relapsing Pneumonia

  • Ana Rafaela Araújo Internal Medicine Department, Centro Hospitalar do Baixo Vouga, Aveiro, Portugal
  • Magda Sousa Internal Medicine Department, Centro Hospitalar do Baixo Vouga, Aveiro, Portugal
  • Joel Pinto Internal Medicine Department, Centro Hospitalar do Baixo Vouga, Aveiro, Portugal
  • Susana Cavadas Internal Medicine Department, Centro Hospitalar do Baixo Vouga, Aveiro, Portugal
  • Luís Rodrigues Pneumology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Baixo Vouga, Aveiro, Portugal

Keywords

Unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis, angiography

Abstract

Introduction: Isolated right pulmonary artery agenesis in an adult patient is an extremely rare condition that requires a high level of suspicion to make the diagnosis.
Case Description: A 32-year-old woman presented to the emergency room with a 4-month history of recurrent respiratory infections. Chest radiography and computerized tomography (CT) revealed alveolar opacities on the medium and inferior right lobes. Fibreoptic bronchoscopy with bronchial aspirate was negative on both cytological and microbiological analysis. Due to the persistent of the imaging findings after a full course of a wide-spectrum antibiotic, an angio-CT was performed, revealing a complete stop at the level of the right pulmonary artery. Angiography confirmed the diagnosis of right pulmonary artery agenesis.
Discussion: Currently, the patient has no exertional dyspnoea, screening for pulmonary hypertension has so far been negative and no further respiratory infections have occurred. It is important to call attention to a major congenital malformation that may remain asymptomatic until adulthood.

References

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  • Published: 2018-06-14

    Issue: LATEST ONLINE (view)

    Section: Articles

    How to cite:
    Araújo, A., Sousa, M., Pinto, J., Cavadas, S., & Rodrigues, L. (2018). A 32-Year-Old Woman with Relapsing Pneumonia. European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine, 2. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.12890/2018_000854