Enterococcus gallinarum Causing Native Valve Endocarditis

  • Maria Teresa Almeida Dias Department of Internal Medicine, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
  • José de Almeida Department of Cardiology, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
  • Arsénio Santos Department of Internal Medicine, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
  • Rui M Santos Department of Internal Medicine, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
  • Armando Carvalho Department of Internal Medicine, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

Keywords

Endocarditis, Enterococcus gallinarum, heart failure, antibiotic

Abstract

Endocarditis due to Enterococcus gallinarum is a rare condition, usually affecting older patients. The most frequent source of infection is the gastrointestinal or genitourinary tracts; it frequently involves the aortic valve and tends to produce heart failure. We present a case of Enterococcus gallinarum endocarditis developing on a normal native heart valve.
Enterococcus gallinarum is intrinsically resistant to vancomycin. Antibiotic susceptibility patterns indicate that most isolates are penicillin and ampicillin-susceptible.

References

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  • Published: 2019-03-11

    Issue: LATEST ONLINE (view)

    Section: Articles

    How to cite:
    Dias, M. T., de Almeida, J., Santos, A., Santos, R., & Carvalho, A. (2019). Enterococcus gallinarum Causing Native Valve Endocarditis. European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine, 2. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.12890/2019_001054