Mixed Cryoglobulinaemia Vasculitis Treated with Obinutuzumab in a Patient Allergic to Rituximab

  • Margarida Gaudencio Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Distrital da Figueira da Foz, EPE, Figueira da Foz, Portugal
  • Catarina Parente Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Barreiro-Montijo, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Ana Catarina Lameiras Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Fernando Fonseca, Lisboa, Portugal
  • António Marinho Department of Clinical Immunology, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal; Faculty of Medicine, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, Porto, Portugal

Keywords

Mixed cryoglobulinaemia, overlap syndrome, autoimmune diseases., remission, internal carotid vasculitis, obinutuzumab

Abstract

Cryoglobulinaemia is defined as the presence of cryoglobulins in the serum, which are immunoglobulins that reversibly precipitate and form a gel when the temperature is <37ºC. Autoimmune diseases such as Sjogren’s syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis could be associated with mixed cryoglobulinaemia vasculitis (MCV). The treatment of MCV generally consists of glucocorticoids, cytotoxic agents such as cyclophosphamide, plasmapheresis or anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies including rituximab. Here, we present a case of a 60-year-old woman who developed type II MCV in the context of overlap autoimmune disease and who has been treated with a new anti-CD20 agent, obinutuzumab.

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  • Published: 2021-11-22

    Issue: 2021: LATEST ONLINE (view)

    Section: Articles

    How to cite:
    1.
    Gaudencio M, Parente C, Lameiras AC, Marinho A. Mixed Cryoglobulinaemia Vasculitis Treated with Obinutuzumab in a Patient Allergic to Rituximab. EJCRIM 2021;2 doi:10.12890/2021_003019.