Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy After Cocaine Intoxication: A Case Report
  • Aditya Patel
    Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Michael's Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA
  • Noreen Mirza
    Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Michael's Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA
  • Ruhma Ali
    Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Michael's Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA
  • Mohammad Nabil Rayad
    Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Michael's Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA
  • Asrar Ahmad
    Department of Cardiology, Saint Michael's Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA
  • Ahsan Khan
    Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Michael's Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA

Keywords

Cocaine, Takotsubo cardiomyopathy

Abstract

Introduction: Cocaine is a highly addictive substance that stimulates the sympathetic nervous system and cardiovascular system. A multitude of adverse cardiovascular events are associated with cocaine use including arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, coronary artery spasm and myocarditis. <br/>
Case Report: We present a rare case of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy after recent use of cocaine in a female without any other identifiable risk factor.<br/>
Discussion: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a reversible cause of cardiomyopathy characterized by transient decrease in ejection fraction. Cocaine is a sympathomimetic that causes catecholamine surge and a variety of cardiovascular abnormalities. The association of cocaine use with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a rare occurrence, however the prognosis is generally good if diagnosis is made promptly. <br/>
Conclusion: Physician vigilance is required to diagnose this rare cause of cardiomyopathy and reduce morbidity and mortality. 

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Published: 2022-09-02
Issue: 2022: Vol 9 No 9 (view)


How to cite:
1.
Patel A, Mirza N, Ali R, Rayad MN, Ahmad A, Khan A. Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy After Cocaine Intoxication: A Case Report. EJCRIM 2022;9 doi:10.12890/2022_003457.

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