Cocaine, Takotsubo cardiomyopathy
Introduction: Cocaine is a highly addictive substance that stimulates the sympathetic nervous system and cardiovascular system. A multitude of adverse cardiovascular events are associated with cocaine use including arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, coronary artery spasm and myocarditis. <br/>
Case Report: We present a rare case of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy after recent use of cocaine in a female without any other identifiable risk factor.<br/>
Discussion: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a reversible cause of cardiomyopathy characterized by transient decrease in ejection fraction. Cocaine is a sympathomimetic that causes catecholamine surge and a variety of cardiovascular abnormalities. The association of cocaine use with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a rare occurrence, however the prognosis is generally good if diagnosis is made promptly. <br/>
Conclusion: Physician vigilance is required to diagnose this rare cause of cardiomyopathy and reduce morbidity and mortality.
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Issue: 2022: Vol 9 No 9 (view)