Gitelman Syndrome: A Rare Case of Hypokalaemia and a Novel Mutation
KeywordsGitelman syndrome, hypokalaemia, hereditary renal tubulopathy, SLC12A3 mutations
Gitelman syndrome (GS) is a hereditary renal tubulopathy caused by mutations in the SLC12A3 gene which encodes the thiazide-sensitive apical sodium-chloride cotransporter. GS is characterized by hypokalaemia, hypomagnesaemia and metabolic alkalosis. Treatment is based on potassium and magnesium replacement ad eternum. We present the case of a young man with palpitations and persistent hypokalaemia, who was diagnosed with GS. Genetic testing revealed 2 mutations in the gene SLC12A3 of combined heterozygosity, both considered pathological. Interestingly, 1 of these mutations was not yet described in the literature or in the reviewed databases. We also discuss the clinical approach and the specificities of managing this rare hereditary renal tubulopathy.
Issue: 2021: Vol 8 No 1 (view)