Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in AIDS patient after successful induction of virological suppression with cabotegravir/rilpivirine
  • Rami Al-Handola
    Department of Internal Medicine, Hurley Medical Center, Michigan State University/College of Human Medicine, Flint, MI, USA https://orcid.org/0009-0001-0689-9382
  • Justine Chinnappan
    Department of Internal Medicine, Hurley Medical Center, Michigan State University/College of Human Medicine, Flint, MI, USA
  • Mohammad Bakeer
    Department of Internal Medicine, Hurley Medical Center, Michigan State University/College of Human Medicine, Flint, MI, USA
  • Danielle Osterholzer
    Department of Internal Medicine, Hurley Medical Center, Michigan State University/College of Human Medicine, Flint, MI, USA; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Hurley Medical Center, Michigan State University/College of Human Medicine, Flint, MI, USA

Keywords

Cabotegravir/Rilpivirine, Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome, IRIS, AIDS, HIV

Abstract

Long-acting (LA) cabotegravir/rilpivirine (CAB/RPV) is a complete regimen for the management of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection to replace their oral antiretroviral therapy (ART) when they have been virologically suppressed. We present a case of successful achievement of undetectable HIV RNA viral load levels in an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patient with long-standing virologic failure within two months of CAB/RPV LA initiation. This was later complicated by immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) due to Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) infection and hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation.

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    Published: 2023-07-13
    Issue: 2023: Vol 10 No 8 (view)


    How to cite:
    1.
    Al-Handola R, Chinnappan J, Bakeer M, Osterholzer D. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in AIDS patient after successful induction of virological suppression with cabotegravir/rilpivirine. EJCRIM 2023;10 doi:10.12890/2023_003981.

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